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    Geology Encyclopedia

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    Date d'inscription : 30/09/2010

    Geology Encyclopedia

    Message par Admin le Mar 14 Juin - 11:05

    Encyclopedia of Earthquakes And Volcanoes Facts on File Science Library
    The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes explains the specific terms and concepts associated with the sciences of catastrophe-seismology and volcanology-and covers the places in the world where these destructive phenomena have occurred. Entries include terms and concepts such as: caldera, stratovolcano, S-waves, liquefaction, harmonic tremors, and much more
    The revised edition contains
    Updated geographic locations and damage estimates for certain areas
    Enhanced content on the geologic processes, with clear and up-to-date diagrams to articulate these processes
    New definitions of geologic terms
    An updated chronology of important earthquakes and eruptions

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    Introduction to Physical Geology

    Written for an introductory one-semester geology course, this text is a brief version of Thompson/Turk's MODERN PHYSICAL GEOLOGY. Thompson/Turk's brief text offers professors a more streamlined alternative to the longer, more detailed introductory text. INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL GEOLOGY emphasizes human-environment interactions and discusses the latest research in physical geology. Beautiful illustrations and clear writing style set this text apart from other geology texts

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    Petroleum Geology of the South Caspian Basin

    In this information-packed volume, the authors present mathematical models and analyses for evaluating, assessing, and describing the petroleum geology of the oil-rich South Caspian Sea Basin, including eastern Azerbaijan and western Turkmenistan. Their mathematical models include descriptions of the development and structure of the surrounding geological systems and traps.
    Details the petrophysical properties and interrelationship with reservoir and source rocks
    Describes how new technology has made it possible to profitably produce off previously useless wells
    A valuable resource for exploration companies in the area of the South Caspian Basin
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    Foundations of Engineering Geology

    The second edition of this well established book provides a readable and highly illustrated overview of the main facets of geology for engineers. Each topic is presented as a double-page spread with a careful mix of text, tables, and diagrams. Comprehensively updated, and with four new sections, Foundations of Engineering Geology covers the entire spectrum of topics of interest to both student and professional
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    Geology of North-West Borneo: Sarawak, Brunei and Sabah

    The book is a comprehensive compilation of all aspects of the geology of Northwest Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei and Sabah) and the contiguous South China and Sulu Seas. The sedimentary formations are described, their palaeontology tabulated and ages discussed. Stratigraphic charts illustrate their relationships across the whole region. Detailed geological maps of selected areas are accompanied by cross sections based on outcrop patterns and drilling and seismic data offshore. Palaeocurrent maps are presented and the palaeogeography for different ages described and sedimentary provenance discussed.
    Descriptions of the ophiolite sequences, volcanic and plutonic rocks are accompanied by tables of selected chemical analyses and geochemical plots and their tectonic significance discussed. All radiometric data are tabulated and discussed.
    Regional structures and the predominantly Tertiary tectonics are described. In Sarawak the mountains are constructed of Upper Cretaceous to Lower Eocene greenschist facies shaly turbiditic Rajang Group, uplifted before the end of the Eocene. In Sabah the Western Cordillera is constructed of Eocene to Lower Miocene sandy turbidite uplifted in the Late Miocene and Pliocene. Miocene intrusion of Mount Kinabalu and uplift of the Cordillera is related to collision at the Northwest Borneo Trough. Gold, antimony, mercury and copper deposits are described and the tectonic setting of oil and gas deposits discussed.
    * Correlation tables, descriptions and ages of all major sedimentary formations of Sarawak, Brunei and Sabah
    * Petrology, geochemistry and ages of all volcanic and plutonic formations of North West Borneo and their tectonic significance
    * Economic geology including the geological setting of offshore oil and gas deposits

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    Geological Atlas of Africa: With Notes on Stratigraphy, Tectonics, Economic Geology, Geohazards and Geosites of Each Country

    Here is the new edition of the first attempt to summarize the geology of Africa by presenting it in an atlas and to synthesize the stratigraphy, tectonics, economic geology, geohazards and geosites of each country and territory of the continent. Furthermore, the digitized geological maps are correlated and harmonized according to the current stratigraphic timetable. The atlas aims to contribute to capacity building in African Earth Sciences and to aid the initiation of research and enable the achievement of economic opportunities by providing a database of basic geological background information
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    Planetary geology : a teacher's guide with activities in physical and earth sciences
    By NASA

    This book is the second edition of NASASP-179, first printed in 1982. It has
    been updated to take into account planetary missions that have flown
    throughout the solar system since the first edition. Both editions are out-
    growths of various short courses in Planetary Geology that have been held
    over the last two decades, and from activities developed in the classroom.
    Activities in Planetary Geology was developed for the National Aeronautics
    and Space Administration with the guidance, support, and cooperation of
    many individuals and groups
    This educator's guide features exercises grouped into five units: 1) introduction to geologic processes, 2) impact cratering activities, 3) planetary atmosphere, 4) planetary surfaces and 5) geologic mapping

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    Map That Changed the World CD: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology
    Audio CD

    From the author of the bestselling The Professor and the Madman comes the fascinating story of the father of modern geology
    In 1793, William Smith, the orphan son of a village blacksmith, made a startling discovery that was to turn the science of geology on its head. While surveying the route for a canal near Bath, he noticed that the fossils found in one layer of the rocks he was excavating were very different from those found in another. And out of that realization came an epiphany: that by following these fossils one could trace layers of rocks as they dipped, rose and fell -- clear across England and clear across the world.
    Obsessed with creating a map that would showcase his discovery, Smith spent the next twenty years traveling England alone, studying rock outcroppings and gathering information. In 1815 he published a hand-painted map more than eight feet tall and six feet wide. But four years later, swindled out of his profits, Smith ended up in debtors' prison. His wife went mad. He lived as a homeless man for ten long years.
    Eventually a kindly aristocrat discovered him; Smith, the quiet genius and 'father of geology' was brought back to London and showered with the honors that he rightly deserved. Here now is his astounding story

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    Physical Geology of High-level Magmatic Systems (Geological Society Special Publication)

    This book gives an up-to-date overview of the physical geology of sub-volcanic intrusions. Topics covered in this wide-ranging volume include important aspects of the field geology and physical volcanology of sills, laccoliths and sub-volcanic complexes, magma-Ÿsediment interaction and numerical and experimental studies aimed at quantifying more precisely the emplacement mechanics of high-level magmatic intrusions. Provocative papers ask whether laccoliths and high-level sills are forming today, and question the nature of the relationship between high-level intrusions and contemporaneous volcanic activity. Several contributions also deal with the more applied aspects of high-level magma emplacement and 3D seismic imaging of sill and laccolith complexes as relevant to the hydrocarbons industry.
    It is hoped that with the publication of this volume a consensus will emerge that will help to advance our understanding of the more important physical factors governing the emplacement of high-level intrusions in the continental crust, along with their wider geotectonic implications

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    The Earth Inside and Out: Some Major Contributions to Geology in the Twentieth Century

    The book offers a conspectus of important developments in the earth sciences in the twentieth century. The introductory essay considers features of twentieth-century geoscience as a whole (and science more generally), including general trends within geology and its associated disciplines; and it reviews secondary literature on twentieth-century geology. The contributed essays span detailed discussions of particular issues, such as the application of the phase rule to metamorphic petrology; surveys of fields such as sedimentology and palynology; delineation of broad fields such as `planetary geology', mathematical geology, and metamorphic geology; discussions of individual scientists' contributions (Norman Bowen, Arthur Holmes, Victor Goldschmidt, and Marie Tharp); an oral history account of the emergence of terrane theory; discussions of trends or problems within fields such as geomagnetism and stratigraphy; the social context of geology as regards palaeontological collecting and some of the Russian responses to the advent of plate-tectonic theory
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    pass Word: gigapedia.org

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    لتحميل البرنامج لفتح ملفات DJVU
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    Lectures on geology

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    Hydrocarbon Phase Behavior Contributions in Petroleum Geology and Engineering
    By Tarek H. Ahmed

    It is a pretty good book about PVT properties. The book contains not only phase behavior but also simple correlations to calculate PVT properties. Also the book has detail phase seperation simulations. An excellent book for reservoir and production engineers
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    3-D Structural Geology: A Practical Guide to Quantitative Surface and Subsurface Map Interpretation

    This is a handbook of practical techniques for making the best possible interpretation of geological structures at the map scale and for extracting the maximum amount of information from surface and subsurface maps. The 3-D structure is defined by internally consistent structure contour maps and cross sections of all horizons and faults. The book is directed toward the professional user who is concerned about both the accuracy of an interpretation and the speed with which it can be obtained from incomplete data. Quantitative methods are emphasized throughout, and numerous analytical solutions are given that can be easily implemented with a pocket calculator or a spreadsheet. Interpretation strategies are defined for GIS or CAD users, yet are simple enough to be done by hand. The user of this book will be able to produce better geological maps and cross sections, judge the quality of existing maps, and locate and fix mapping errors.
    The second edition has been reorganized to more nearly follow the typical interpretation workflow. A significant amount of new material has been added, in particular numerous examples of 3-D models and techniques for using kinematic models to predict fault and ramp-anticline geometry. The new edition includes a CD which supplements the text in several ways. Text figures are reproduced in color and complete Tecplot models are provided for a number of representative figures. For those interested in working exercises in mapping software, xyz input files are provided in text format for many of the map-based exercises. Answers to selected exercises are included

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    Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles in Britain and Europe (Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics)

    The Pleistocene epoch or Ice Age, an extended period of advancing and retreating ice sheets, is characterized by striking climatic oscillations and sea level fluctuations. This age saw the rise and spread of humans and a great extinction of large mammals by the end of the epoch; in fact, the world today is essentially the product of dramatic changes that took place in the Pleistocene. This book, a companion to the author's Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles in North America, discusses the Pleistocene amphibians and reptiles in Britain and the European continent eastward through present-day Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, the Yugoslavian republics, and Greece. The book begins with a general discussion of the Pleistocene in Britain and Europe with an emphasis on regional terms used to define Pleistocene chronological events. Next, a look at the pre-Pleistocene herpetofauna of the study area sets the stage for a discussion of Pleistocene herpetofauna. A significant section of the book consists of a "bestiary," a series of annotated taxonomic accounts of Pleistocene herpetological taxa from the region. Following this is the interpretive section, beginning with a discussion of herpetological species as paleoenvironmental indicators and continuing with an analysis of herpetological population adjustments to Pleistocene events in Britain and Europe, and then with a discussion of extinction patterns in the region. Finally, the author compares Pleistocene herpetological events in Europe with those in North America. This volume and its companion together provide an up-to-date and comprehensive review of Pleistocene herpetofaunas across a significant portion of the Northern Hemisphere
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    Tables for the Determination of Common Opaque Minerals
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    Theory of the Earth

    WE have found, that there is not in this globe (as a planet revolving in the solar system) any power or motion adapted to the purpose now in view; nor, were there such a power, could a mass of simply collected materials have continued any considerable time to resist the waves and currents natural to the sea, but must have been quickly carried away, and again deposited at the bottom of the ocean
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    The Moon and How to Observe It ..Astronomers' Observing Guides

    This revolutionary new book is written for practical amateur astronomers who not only want to observe, but want to know the details of exactly what they are looking at. The Moon is the most commonly observed of all astronomical objects. This is the first book to deal equally with the Moon itself - its formation, geology, and history - as well as the practical aspects of observation. The concept of the book - and of the series - is to present an up-to-date detailed description of the Moon, including its origins, history, and geology (part one); and then (part two) to consider how best to observe and record it successfully using commercially-available equipment. The Moon and How to Observe It is a mine of information for all levels of amateur observers, from the beginner to the experienced
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    Introduction to Planetary Science: The Geological Perspective

    This textbook is intended to be used in a lecture course for college students majoring in Earth Sciences. Planetary science provides an opportunity for these students to apply a wide range of subject matter pertaining to the Earth to the study of other planets and their principal satellites. In this way, planetary science tends to unify subjects in the Earth Sciences that are traditionally taught separately. Therefore, planetary science is well-suited to be taught as a capstone course for senior undergraduates in geology departments and as an introduction to the solar system in astronomy departments. Both groups of students will benefit because planetary science bridges the gap between geology and astronomy and it prepares geologists and astronomers to participate actively in the on-going exploration of the solar system.
    The subject matter is presented in 24 chapters that lead the reader through the solar system starting with historical perspectives on space exploration and the development of the scientific method. The presentations concerning the planets and their satellites emphasize that their origin and subsequent evolution can be explained by applications of certain basic principles of physics, chemistry, and celestial mechanics and that the surface features of the solid bodies in the solar system can be interpreted by means of the principles of geology

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    Petrophysics, Second Edition: Theory and Practice of Measuring Reservoir Rock and Fluid Transport Properties
    The petroleum geologist and engineer must have a working knowledge of petrophysics in order to find oil reservoirs, devise the best plan for getting it out of the ground, then start drilling. This book offers the engineer and geologist a manual to accomplish these goals, providing much-needed calculations and formulas on fluid flow, rock properties, and many other topics that are encountered every day. New updated material covers topics that have emerged in the petrochemical industry since 1997.
    * Contains information and calculations that the engineer or geologist must use in daily activities to find oil and devise a plan to get it out of the ground
    * Filled with problems and solutions, perfect for use in undergraduate, graduate, or professional courses
    * Covers real-life problems and cases for the practicing engineer

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    International Agreements on Cooperation in Remote Sensing and Earth Observation (1998): MR-972-OSTP (Rand Corporation//Rand Monograph Report)
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    Applied Clay Mineralogy, Volume 2: Occurrences, Processing and Applications of Kaolins, Bentonites, Palygorskitesepiolite, and Common Clays (Developments ... Clay Science) (Developments in Clay Science)

    This book on Applied Clay Mineralogy is comprehensive. It covers the structure, composition, and physical and chemical properties of kaolinite, halloysite, ball clays; bentonites including sodium montmorillonite, calcium montmorillonite, and hectorite; and palygorskite and sepiolite. There is also a short chapter on common clays which are used for making structural clay products and lightweight aggregate. The location and geology of the major clay deposits that are marketed worldwide and regionally include kaolins from the United States, Southwest England, Brazil, and the Czech Republic along with halloysite from New Zealand and ball clays from the US, England, Germany, and Ukraine. Bentonites from the U.S. and Europe are included along with palygorskite and sepiolite from the U.S., China, Senegal, and Spain. The mining and processing of the various clays are described. Extensive discussions of the many applications of the clays are included. The appendices cover the important laboratory tests that are used to identify and evaluate the various types of clay. Many figures are included covering electron micrographs, processing flow sheets, stratigraphy, and location maps.
    * Provides the structure and composition of clay minerals, as well as their phyisical and chemical properties
    * Discusses pplications for Kaolin, Bentonite, Palygorskite and Sepiolite
    * Contains appendixes of laboratory tests and procedures, as well as a test for common clays

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    The Earth's Biosphere: Evolution, Dynamics, and Change

    In his latest book, Vaclav Smil tells the story of the Earth’s biosphere from its origins to its near- and long-term future. He explains the workings of its parts and what is known about their interactions. With essay-like flair, he examines the biosphere’s physics, chemistry, biology, geology, oceanography, energy, climatology, and ecology, as well as the changes caused by human activity. He provides both the basics of the story and surprising asides illustrating critical but often neglected aspects of biospheric complexity.
    Smil begins with a history of the modern idea of the biosphere, focusing on the development of the concept by Russian scientist Vladimir Vernadsky. He explores the probability of life elsewhere in the universe, life’s evolution and metabolism, and the biosphere’s extent, mass, productivity, and grand-scale organization. Smil offers fresh approaches to such well-known phenomena as solar radiation and plate tectonics and introduces lesser-known topics such as the quarter-power scaling of animal and plant metabolism across body sizes and metabolic pathways. He also examines two sets of fundamental relationships that have profoundly influenced the evolution of life and the persistence of the biosphere: symbiosis and the role of life’s complexity as a determinant of biomass productivity and resilience. And he voices concern about the future course of human-caused global environmental change, which could compromise the biosphere’s integrity and threaten the survival of modern civilization

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    Date d'inscription : 30/09/2010

    Re: Geology Encyclopedia

    Message par Admin le Mar 14 Juin - 11:06

    Petrology of Sedimentary Rocks

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    The Dynamics of Sedimentary Basins Special Report

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    Applied Stratigraphy Topics in Geobiology
    Few, if any, fundamental disciplines in the earth sciences have seen so many dramatic changes and developments as stratigraphy. The discipline has come to be applied progressively, and indispensably, to nearly all branches of the earth sciences, including such endeavors as charting the course and complexities of life evolution through time, understanding how ancient ecosystems developed and operated, and furnishing data pivotal to exploration and exploitation of strategic mineral resources.
    This book aims to incorporate major aspects and essential elements underpinning the modern applications and perspectives of stratigraphy. It focuses on traditional and innovative techniques and how these can be utilized in reconstructing the geological history of sedimentary basins and in solving manifold geological problems and phenomena. Each chapter summarizes contributions by leading researchers in the field. It is hoped that this book will provide the reader with key insights into all these aspects and applications

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    Treatise on Geochemistry : 10 Volume Set
    The Treatise on Geochemistry is the first work providing a comprehensive, integrated summarry of the present state of geochemistry. It deals with all the major subjects in the field, ranging from the chemistry of the solar system to environmental geochemistry. The Treatise on Geochemistry has drawn on the expertise of outstanding scientists throughout the world, creating the reference work in geochemistry for the next decade.
    Each volume consists of fifteen to twenty-five chapters written by recognized authorities in their fields, and chosen by the Volume Editors in consultation with the Executive Editors. Particular emphasis has been placed on integrating the subject matter of the individual chapters and volumes.
    Elsevier also offers the Treatise on Geochemistry in electronic format via the online platform ScienceDirect®, the most comprehensive database of academic research on the Internet today, enhanced by a suite of sophisticated linking, searching and retrieval tools

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    Classification and Nomenclature of Igneous Rock, With 64 Figures and 3 Tables in the Text
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    Rock Physics & Phase Relations: A Handbook of Physical Constants Agu Reference Shelf, 3
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    Rock Joints: The Mechanical Genesis
    Rock Joints deals exclusively with the mechanical genesis of joints in rocks. It is aimed at a coherent, critical and comprehensible presentation of the underlying mechanical processes of various types of joints and joint systems. Special care is taken to elucidate and quantify the role of high fluid pressures in the formation of joints. The background is an offshoot of the author's courses on "Genesis of Rock Joints" in the Department of Rock Mechanics and Tunneling at the Technical University of Graz, Austria
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    Photographing Minerals, Fossils, and Lapidary Materials
    This book, by a photographer of minerals very well known to readers of periodicals such as the Mineralogical Record, is a useful introduction to the subject. If you do not have a full set of back issues of the Min. Rec., this will tell you how to get high quality examples of the rather stylized genre of mineral photography. However, there really is not all that much useful information in the book which is unavailable to those dedicated folks who have complete sets of that journal, which has published guides to photography on a couple of occasions. The color photos in the book are excellent, the B&W ones just OK, and the text ... it is in a rather odd font with very "thin" lines
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    Geothermal Energy: An Alternative Resource for the 21st Century
    More than 20 countries generate electricity from geothermal resources and about 60 countries make direct use of geothermal energy. A ten-fold increase in geothermal energy use is foreseeable at the current technology level. Geothermal Energy: An Alternative Resource for the 21st Century provides a readable and coherent account of all facets of geothermal energy development and summarizes the present day knowledge on geothermal resources, their exploration and exploitation. Accounts of geothermal resource models, various exploration techniques, drilling and production technology are discussed within 9 chapters, as well as important concepts and current technological developments.* Interdisciplinary approach, combining traditional disciplines such as geology, geophysics, and engineering* Provides a readable and coherent account of all facets of geothermal energy development* Describes the importance of bringing potable water to high-demand areas such as the tropical regions

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    Handbook of Petroleum Analysis
    Petroleum exhibits a wide range of physical properties. Numerous tests have been and continue to be developed to provide an indication of the means by which a particular feedstock should be processed. An initial inspection of the nature of petroleum provides deductions about the most logical means of refining and classifying. Handbook of Petroleum Analysis is a single, comprehensive source that describes the application and interpretation of data resulting from various test methods for petroleum feedstocks and products.
    The need for the application of analytical techniques to petroleum has increased over the past three decades due to changes in feedstock composition. Handbook of Petroleum Analysis deals with the various aspects of petroleum analysis while providing a detailed explanation of the necessary standard tests and procedures that are applicable to feedstocks. The material also reviews the application of new methods for determining instability and incompatibility, focusing on the analytical methods related to environmental regulations. Most importantly, the book provides details of the meanings of the various test results and how they might be applied to predict feedstock behavior. Where pertinent, new tests that are not yet accepted as standardized are described.
    Topics covered in Handbook of Petroleum Analysis include: - Chemical composition
    - Physical, thermal, electrical, and optical property testing methods
    - Spectroscopic, chemical, fractionation, and chromatographic methods
    - Molecular weight
    - Use of the data (i.e., mapping and predictability)
    Handbook of Petroleum Analysis promotes a better understanding of the criteria affecting the quality of petroleum and petroleum products and is a valuable resource for chemists and engineers in the refining industry


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      La date/heure actuelle est Ven 22 Sep - 23:30